This episode is an introduction to logic and rhetoric, which are two of the most important subjects that I feel the average person is uneducated on.
We start this one by me introducing the source material so that I don’t have to constantly name the books and lecture so here they are:
The Trivium, by Sister Miriam Joseph
The Trivium, by multiple authors. This one is a conglomeration put together by a publisher. It’s more of a coffee table book than a serious read, but it has some really good information inside.
The last source is actually a University of Idaho lesson and I used it to get a solid foundation of the most common logical fallacies. You can see it here.
I introduce logic and rhetoric from the perspective that these were the original liberal arts and our society is founded upon the principles of logic and debated using rhetoric. But lately we’re moving away from these principles and at great detriment to our society.
Logic is essentially the art of thinking and it contains the rules that govern reason. Rhetoric is the art of communication and, more specifically, the art of persuasion.
I explain the 3 appeals which are and appeal to character, to argument, and to emotion.
I explain how easy it is to appeal to somebody’s emotions or use logical fallacy to completely bypass the cognitive portion of their brain and persuade them without the necessary logic, facts, or evidence to make a legitimate case.
I then make a list of the most common logical fallacies and give and example of each.
Then in this week’s CTA we turn our fallacy radar on and we try and spot how often logical fallacy is used every day to attempt to influence us. Spoiler alert: it’s all day every day. But that’s okay. If we can recognize when fallacy is being used then we can defend ourselves against it and educate others as to why their argument is wrong. Thus maybe we can finally start to have better conversations in this country, conversations that need to be had.
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